Anthrax Hoaxes and Muslims
Europol Report: All Terrorists are Muslims…Except the 99.6% that Aren't, All Terrorists are Muslims…Except the 94% that Aren't and The Gujarat Train Fire was an accident and NOT Islamic Terrorism the “Muslim Terrorists' Anthrax Attack” was not an Islamic Terrorism.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anthrax hoaxes involving the use of white powder or labels to falsely suggest the use of anthrax are frequently reported in the
Anthrax hoaxes were sporadically reported in the 1990s, including a petri dish in an envelope labeled "anthrachs"[sic] sent to B'nai B'rith in Washington in 1997 that contained harmless Bacillus cereus, but a spate of anthrax threats followed the 1998 arrest of Larry Wayne Harris, a microbiologist and white supremacist. Harris released what he said was military-grade anthrax but was actually a harmless vaccine strain, but news coverage popularized the idea of anthrax among hoaxers. In response to these hoaxes, the CDC released guidance for public health authorities for handling bioterrorism threats.
In the month following the 2001 anthrax attacks, hundreds of hoaxes were reported worldwide. The Anti-Hoax Terrorism Act 2001 was passed by the US House of Representatives but never enacted, and legislation making terrorism hoaxes a federal offence was finally passed as part of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. Legislation was enacted in the UK in October 2001 so that anyone convicted of a hoax involving threats of biological, chemical, nuclear or radioactive contamination would face a seven year prison sentence.
One of the most prolific hoaxers was Clayton Waagner, an anti-abortion activist who mailed hundreds of anthrax hoax letters to abortion clinics in late 2001 and who was convicted in December 2003. A Sacramento man, Marc M. Keyser, admitted to sending around 120 packages marked as containing anthrax in October 2008, which he says was to highlight the lack of preparedness of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and public for an anthrax attack. He was convicted in September 2009 of five counts of hoaxes and making threatsand sentenced to four years in prison in late April 2010. 
Notable recipients of anthrax hoax letters include journalist Judith Miller, author of Germs: Biological Weapons and America's Secret War, who received one at the New York Times offices in October 2001.
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(2002). "Thrreatened Use (Anthrax Hoaxes)". Bioterrorism and biocrimes: the illicit use of biological agents since 1900. 8. The Minerva Group, Inc.. ISBN 1410100235. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=1jEP8Ve4zwgC. National Defense University
- ^ Wald, Matthew L. (24 April 1997). "Suspicious Package Prompts 8-Hour Vigil at B'nai B'rith". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/04/25/us/suspicious-package-prompts-8-hour-vigil-at-b-nai-b-rith.html. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
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- ^ "The Harris Hoax". ADL. http://www.adl.org/learn/anthrax/Harris.asp?xpicked=3&item=5. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- ^ "Bioterrorism Alleging Use of Anthrax and Interim Guidelines for Management -- United States, 1998". MMWR (CDC) 48 (4): 69–74. 1999. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00056353.htm.
- ^ Leask, Alexander; Valerie Delpech and Jeremy McAnulty. "Anthrax and other suspect powders: Initial responses to an outbreak of hoaxes and scares".
Public Health Bulletin (Csiro Publishing) 14 (12): 218–221. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/226/paper/NB03059.htm. New South Wales
- ^ Harris, Paul (21 October 2001). "Anthrax hoax chaos". The Observer (
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- ^ Kasindorf, Martin; Toni Locy (6 November 2001). "Anthrax hoaxes persist despite arrests".
Today. http://www.usatoday.com/news/sept11/2001/11/06/hoaxes-usat.htm. Retrieved 10 December 2009. USA
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). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1360077/Spore-hoaxers-face-jail-terms-from-today.html. Retrieved 10 December 2009. London
- ^ DePledge, Derrick (14 November 2001). "DeWine proposes tough law on anthrax hoaxes".
Enquirer. http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2001/11/14/loc_dewine_proposes.html. Retrieved 10 December 2009. Cincinnati
- ^ "H.R. 3209: Anti-Hoax Terrorism Act of 2001". Govtrack. http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h107-3209. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- ^ "Violators of Military Hoaxes Act could receive fines, prison time". CID Lookout.
Army Criminal Investigation Command. http://www.cid.army.mil/documents/Lookout/Military%20Hoaxes_web.pdf. Retrieved 10 December 2009. U.S.
- ^ Eggen, Dan (10 December 2004). "Measure Expands Police Powers".
Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A53452-2004Dec9?language=printer. Retrieved 10 December 2009. Washington
- ^ "S. 2845: Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004". Govtrack. http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=s108-2845. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- ^ "US anthrax hoax suspect arrested". BBC News. 6 December 2001. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/1695140.stm. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- ^ "Man is convicted in anthrax hoax case". Associated Press. 3 December 2003. http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2003-12-03-anthrax-hoax_x.htm. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- ^ Clarkson, Frederick (10 December 2003). "The quiet fall of an American terrorist". Salon. http://dir.salon.com/story/news/feature/2003/12/10/waagner/index.html. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- ^ Walsh, Denny (18 September 2009). "Sacramentan convicted for sending anthrax hoax messages".
Bee. http://www.sacbee.com/ourregion/story/2191521.html. Retrieved 10 December 2009. Sacramento
- ^ "Calif. man convicted in nationwide anthrax scare". Salon. 17 September 2009. http://www.salon.com/wires/ap/us/2009/09/17/D9APEMG81_us_anthrax_scare/. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- ^ http://gsn.nti.org/gsn/nw_20100427_9709.php
- ^ Herbert, Bob (15 October 2001). "In America; Living With Fear". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/15/opinion/in-america-living-with-fear.html. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
 External links
- Ronson, Jon (5 October 2002). "Hoax!". The Guardian (
). http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2002/oct/05/anthrax.uk. Retrieved 10 December 2009. London
- "Anthrax Hoaxes: From Baghdad to Las Vegas". ADL. http://www.adl.org/learn/anthrax/hoaxes.asp?xpicked=3&item=hoax. Retrieved 10 December 2009.